Fifteen kilometres southeast of Kraków is the Salt Mine at Wieliczka (Kopalnia Soli Wieliczka), a unique phenomenon described by one eighteenth- century visitor as being “as remarkable as the Pyramids and more useful”. Today its listed among UNESCOs World Cultural Heritage monuments.
It features a 3.5-km touring route for visitors (less than 1% of the length of the mine’s passages) that includes historic statues and mythical figures. The oldest sculptures were carved out of rock salt by miners; more recent figures have been fashioned by contemporary artists. Even the crystals of the chandeliers are made from rock salt that has been dissolved and reconstituted to achieve a clear, glass-like appearance.
On the way back from Wieliczka we will take you to Oskar Schindler’s factory.
It was founded by the Jews in 1937, and since 1938 located in the building at Lipowa 4. In 1939 the new factory owner Oskar Schindler – an industrialist and a member of the Nazi Party – shocked by the mass extermination of the Jewish people, created the famous Schindler’s List, which allowed to transport to a new factory in the Sudetenland more than 1,100 people saving their lives.